Weeds are those notorious plants that grow in the garden without you having planted them. While some are edible and others not but either way weeds harm the plants and crops you have in the garden. Weeds compete with the planted plants for nutrients and other resources required for fast and healthy growth. A garden that has many weeds gives fewer yields and even looks ugly. The big concern is how to kill weed in the garden. We demystify this thorny issue right here. Try these methods and you will have a weed-free garden at all times.
If you do not already have mulch in your garden then you have been missing out on many benefits. This is a layer of shredded leaves, grass clippings and any other organic matter that is placed on the soil. The recommended layer should be 2-4 inches in width. Mulch helps the soil retain moisture and decomposes over time to add nutrients for the plants. Above all, mulch acts as a physical barrier that prevents weeds growth. It prevents light from reaching the weeds and hence their growth is suppressed. When placing the mulch, have it between the rows and between the plants. Avoid having the mulch touch the base of the plants as this poses the risk of insect invasion to the plants.
If you plant crops on raised beds this is the best way to get rid of weeds. If the garden is large however this method will be too cumbersome. The aim of this method is to remove the entire weed including the root. Hold the weed plant at the base near the soil and pull out without cutting the stem. The best time to pull out weeds is a few minutes after watering as the soil is still moist. Younger weeds are also easier to pull out compared to older ones. Remember to wear hand gloves to avoid being hurt by spiny weeds like thistles. In case you miss the root when pulling by the hand you can try digging the root out of the soil.
This is the best solution for persistent weeds that keep regrowing. You will be required to use a digging fork or a spade to dig up these weeds. Remove all the root pieces you can find. This will keep the roots at bay for longer periods of time. Do this on a dry day and leave the weeds to wither then use them in the compost.
Plant cover crops
These are crops that grow along the soil and cover the soil surface. They work just like mulch and help prevent light from reaching the weeds trying to grow underneath. Some cover crops like sweet potatoes are edible while others are decorative so with the use of cover crops you will be killing two birds with one stone.
Try homemade herbicide
Some herbicides are not eco-friendly but others are. A good choice is one that you make right at home. Mix a cup of salt, some dish soap and 2 cups of white vinegar in a spray bottle. Ensure all the salt dissolves and then spray directly on the weeds. Avoid spraying on the plants other than the weeds as this will kill them.